If you don’t have a good soil in your garden, the best option that you can have is the raised bed garden. Instead of planting your vegetables, flowers, and other types of plants on the ground, you would build above ground which gives you more control and access on the soil and plants. Below are tips which you may apply when making a raised bed garden:
Choose your location
Before constructing the frame for your raised bed garden, you should picture out the right location where you will put the frame or frames. You can read my other post about Raised Bed Gardening – The Things To Consider for more detailed information. When selecting for the location, you should identify the needs of the plants which you are planning to grow. Do they need enough sunlight? If yes, then choose to put your frame on a sunny spot. But if your plants require shade, you can place it near or under the trees. But do not put them near your small storage units. Another thing that you have to think about is the proper drainage. In your chosen location, there should be adequate drainage so that your plants won’t die due to rotting.
Select your materials
You can use stones or concrete block as a frame. However, this can be costly. Some homeowners prefer to use redwood because of its durability. Be careful when using pre-treated lumber because it contains chemicals which are dangerous for your organic plants. When your organic plants are contaminated with these chemicals, you and the other people who will eat the plants will be also at risk. Cedar is also a good material since it is rot resistant.
Prepare your site
Make sure that your ground is level. This is important when distributing the water onto your plants. When the ground is not level, some part may not receive adequate water while others stand on water. When identifying the right depth, it depends on what you will plant on your garden. Before putting the soil, you can place a newspaper or cardboard to soften the surface. Another way is dig the ground to remove the top most soil using shovel.
There are two benefits when you add compost to your raised bed garden. First, your soil will be healthier and it will nourish the plants even more. Another is you will have easy way of disposing your garden waste like grass and clippings. You can spread the compost onto the bed and cover it with mulch. In this way, your raised bed will also be protected from harsh weather, particularly during winter.
Choose the best soil
The soil should be light and soft. If the soil is dense and compacted, the roots will have difficulty accessing the nutrients. You should also test the soil for acidity level. If it is too acidic, it is best to put lime. Using Vermiculite is also an effective way to soften the soil.
Lastly, do not be tempted to buy chemical-based fertilizer. As much as possible, you should only have organic fertilizer. This will not only keep your plants healthy; but it is also safe for the environment.